By 1774 it was clear that the people of the Massachusetts Bay Colony could no longer tolerate the tightened contol imposed by England on the citzenry. Attempts were made by committees and town governements to create a constitution for all in the Colony to live by… the final document was soundly defeated as too contolling, too powerful for the governor and without a bill of rights. John Adams – one of the state of Massachusetts’ most talented and successful lawyers – was well versed in English law and philosophy and a respected authority on constitutional law. To him fell the task of crafting a document on which the people could agree. He had a brilliant mind and an elegant prose style. The document he produced in the fall of 1779 and ratified by the towns has endured, with subsequent amendments, for over 230 years.
…in 1780, the Massachusetts constitution was declared ratified. The previous fall, the world’s first constitutional convention had met in Cambridge. A committee was chosen to write a constitution for the new state; the group delegated the task to John Adams, a fortunate choice. A well-read lawyer who wrote with clarity and elegance, he completed his draft on October 30, 1779. The convention approved it with minimal changes and submitted it to the people. Town meetings all over Massachusetts debated its merits. When the votes were counted on June 15th, more than two-thirds were in favor. A fractious citizenry had approved the constitution.The document became a model for other states and nations. It is the oldest written constitution in the world still in use.