Lowell in World War One: July 22, 1918 to July 26, 1918
Still getting caught up on my weekly Lowell in World War One posts. This is the 63rd installment of my Lowell in World War One series which commemorates the centennial of the entry of the United States into World War One. Here are the headlines from one hundred years ago:
July 22, 1918 – Monday – Fresh victories for Americans. Defeated Germans fleeing to escape allied “nutcracker.” Huns are virtually trapped along the Marne River. City Hall news – Commissioner Warnock has plan for municipal heating and lighting plant. It will be in the basement of city hall and will provide lighting for city hall, Memorial building, the high school and the Green grammar school. War Movies on the South Common. Hot? Yep, wish I could get cooled off. Well here’s a chance. There are going to be free moving pictures of the great war shown on the South common this evening, just as it gets dark and begins to cool off. The films, secured from the bureau of commercial economics in Washington, will be on the Highland Street slope of the common.
July 23, 1918 – Tuesday – Americans and French cross the Marne over a front of twelve miles. Victorious allies hurl back German reserves and sweep on along the entire battle front. To end strikes. Declaring that “the epidemic of strikes in Massachusetts must cease at once,” Charles Wood of the state board of conciliation and arbitration today issued an ultimatum to employers and employees concerned in labor disputes around the state that if they don’t reach an agreement within 24 hours, the board would intervene to ensure the continued production of necessary war materials. Loading Cartridges. Representatives of US Cartridge Co and the US Army Ordnance Department petitioned the city for permission to begin loading cartridges on the top two floors of the Bigelow Hartford Plant on Market Street. The company promised to maintain not more than 200 pounds of smokeless powder on hand at any one time, and that would be stored in a fireproof building. Lowell hero’s grave. A photograph showing the place in France where Oliver M Chadwick, the Lowell aviator who died in the French service on August 14, 1916, has been buried was received today by Mayor Perry Thompson from a French soldier who forwarded it to the city with a request that it be given to the aviator’s folks. The mayor will forward the photo to Austin K Chadwick, the young aviator’s father.
July 24, 1918 – Wednesday – Hun losses to date 180,000, allies continue to advance. Big assignment of Lowell men leaves for Camp Devens today. Largest individual quota of local men for National Army begins training with a send-off by a record breaking crowd at the train station.
July 25, 1918 – Thursday – Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria and his army trapped by great advance by British. Franco-Americans push on. Pershing announces further progress for Yankees. Off for camp. Local companies of the State Guard went to Framingham today for the state guard’s first encampment. Companies C, G and K, the Lowell units of the 16th regiment of the state guard, assembled at the armory this morning then marched to the Middlesex street depot where they boarded a train for the five day encampment. Housing plan. Federal officials to discuss local housing problem with city council. Government has secured land on which 80 houses can be built and want to arrange for sewer connections and other city services. Call Lowell doctors of draft age. All who have been classified by their exemption boards as fit and eligible for special service will be inducted into the national service on August 11 and will entrain for Fort Slocum, New York, on that day.
July 26, 1918 – Friday – Allies rapidly closing in on Crown Prince’s forces. Pershing reports enemy still fleeing before American forces. Four more Lowell boys make the supreme sacrifice. Corporate Josephy H Worthy and Privates Francis M McOsker, Philip Chalifoux, and Arthur R McOsker, all members of the 101st regiment, were in today’s list of casualties from “over there.” All were members of Company M of the Old Ninth, now the 101st regiment, with the exception of Francis McOsker, who was with the headquarters company of the 101st. Corporal Worthy was a brother of Mrs. Martin Brick of 50 Bartlett St. Worthy enlisted in Company M at the outbreak of the trouble with Mexico several years ago and served on the border at that time. Francis McOsker, son of John McOsker of 13 Andrews street, graduated from Lowell High in 1916. Before joining the National Guard and leaving for France, he was employed at the United States Cartridge Company. Arthur McOsker, 23, was the son of Mr and Mrs George McOsker of 17 Liberty street. He also served with Company M on the Mexican border. Philip Chalifoux, 18, was the son of Mr and Mrs Harmidas Chalifoux, 25 Lafayette st. He enlisted in Company M last June. More houses. Work on first group of houses for war workers will seen begin on the tract of land in Belvidere surrounded by Rogers, Perry and Alton streets, High street extension and Park avenue. The houses range from one to four family, and will accommodate a total of 82 families.