This is the 22nd weekly installment of my Lowell in World War One series which commemorates the centennial of the entry of the United States into World War One. Here are the headlines from one hundred years ago this week:
September 10, 1917 – Monday – Opening of public and parochial schools – new teachers at High School. Many offenders before criminal court today. B&M strike settled by compromise. Public market still on Anne Street. AFofL convention in Lawrence.
September 11, 1917 – Tuesday – US destroyers sink six U-boats. Striking victory for American Naval Forces in battle off coast of France. Battle follows U-boat attack on fleet of merchant ships. Two merchantmen destroyed. Civil War in Russia near; Korniloff heads forces against government. US agents raid German paper in Philadelphia. Arrest editor and manager. First step in campaign to throttle seditious press utterances. Man threatened to shoot girl in Boott mill.
September 12, 1917 – Wednesday – Kerensky commander of all Russian armies. Germans kills 300 in hospital raid. Arthur Bonor Law, British Chancellor of the Exchequer, calls forcing U.S. into war Germany’s greatest mistake. Allies would be in disastrous straits without U.S. financial aid. Boy Scouts will aid Red Cross at its Market street headquarters after school each day. The Scouts will also wage battle against the browntail moth at the Vesper Country club next Saturday. The moths are causing wholesale destruction of the island where the club is located and the scouts will do their best to eliminate the trouble.
September 13, 1917 – Thursday – Korniloff rebellion collapsed. The Council of Workmen’s and Soldiers’ Delegates announced that Gen. Korniloff’s adventure had collapsed and that the army at his headquarters has surrendered. U.S. Artillery men in France, undergoing training under the supervision of French instructions in the use of the French 75 gun. More workers needed for Red Cross. The Red Cross war headquarters on Market street presented a busy appearance this morning. A half dozen sewing machines were in full operation, with cloth cut, bandages rolled, and other activities taking place. Fountain for Cardinal O’Connell Parkway will soon be in place.
September 14, 1917 – Friday – Russian troops regain ground as revolt ends. 1,074,146 volunteers in U.S. Army and Navy. U.S. armed ship Wilmore was sunk by a German submarine. All crew members saved. Big canning exhibit planned for the fair. The regular Friday morning session was held at the war work headquarters on Merrimack Street. Ketchup and corn were put up as well as a number of jars of pears which are just reaching the height of their season. Robber chased over roof by officer. Patrolman Adelard Cossette showed signs of activity early this morning when he chased a young man over the roof of a building in the rear of the saloon of John Brennan at 590 Merrimack street, but the man, who had previously broken into Mr. Brennan’s saloon, outdistanced the officer.
September 15, 1917 – Saturday – U-boats off Atlantic Coast. Ship being shelled by U-boat off Nantucket Lightship sends out SOS calls. Korniloff’s rebellion ends with this arrest. Drafted men leave for Ayer on September 21. Mayor O’Donnell visits camp at Westfield. Mayor James O’Donnell stopped in Westfield where he was entertained by Lowell officers. The Mayor reports that he saw a great number of Lowell young men at camp and they are all in the pink of condition. The Mayor also learned that Lowell’s Company M, 9th Regiment, has already sailed for France.