This is the 30th weekly installment of my Lowell in World War One series which commemorates the centennial of the entry of the United States into World War One. Here are the headlines from one hundred years ago this week:
November 5, 1917 – Monday – US Troops captured. Forced to surrender or be blown to pieces. 3 killed. Names of Americans lost in first clash with Germans announced by General Pershing today. Austro-German invaders cross Tagliamento River in Northern Italy. Stock market again demoralized. Eastern railroads plea for rate advance. State election tomorrow.
November 6, 1917 – Tuesday – Italians again in retreat. Line of Tagliamento won by Austro-Germans. Japan and United States agree on cooperation in war and “open door” policy in China. Perfect weather for state election. Lively tilt in Police Court. Lawyer Frank Goldman and Judge Thomas Enright engaged in a lively tilt in police court this morning in which the latter threatened to commit the former unless Mr. Goldman retracted a statement which he made. Mr. Goldman apologized to the court.
November 7, 1917 – Wednesday – Four persons burned to death and several hurt in tenement house fire. A man and three children died in the fire at 11 Broughton Avenue, off Lakeview Avenue. People living on the second and third floors of the 12 tenement building were forced to jump from windows to escape the flames. About a dozen suffered from burns and injuries. The dead were Stanley Podgorni, 40; Wadyslawa Podgorni, 7; Selka Mashonka, 13; and Joseph Mashonka, 15. McCall re-elected governor by 90,000 votes. The amendment to the state constitution prohibiting appropriations of money by the state for privately controlled institutions, which created bitter discussion in the closing days of the campaign, was carried by a majority of 75,000. Despatches from Italy reflect tone of confidence although situation is still grave. General Cadorna’s withdrawal proceeding in orderly way.
November 8, 1917 – Thursday – New Revolution in Russia. Maximalists seize Petrograd and overthrow Kerensky government. To propose separate peace with Germany. Civil War threatened. Fall of Kerensky brings most serious crisis of war. Japan may send troops into Russia. American steamer sunk – 4 lost, 13 missing. Strike spreads at Watertown Arsenal. Business brisk at War Work Headquarters. A half dozen secretaries clatter away on typewriters. A table is stacked high with literature on food conservation. Booklets are printed in English and in a number of foreign languages. If you don’t believe there is a war going on, just drop into 119 Merrimack street and watch, look and listen.
November 9, 1917 – Friday – Report Kerensky arrested. Russian Army on Northern Front has joined Maximalists and is marching on Petrograd. Russian Revolution “made in Germany.” Sale of carpet mills to Cartridge Co reported. As reported earlier, the US Cartridge Company continues to negotiate the purchase of the Bigelow-Hartford carpet plant on Market street. The Cartridge Company has already taken over the big plant. The plants of Maxim Munitions at Derby, Connecticut and Watertown, New York, operated by United States Cartridge Co, have been shut down on account of difficulties in operation. Work previously done there will move to Lowell. This will cause the Cartridge Co to hire 5000 new employees in Lowell.
November 10, 1917 – Saturday – Immediate Armistice. Truce of three months will be offered by Maximalist government of Petrograd. Austro-German invaders and Italian defenders lined up on opposite sides of Piave. British and French troops arrive in Northern Italy. 17 IWW men flogged, tarred and feathered. Big military parade and football game. Lowell’s Red Triangle campaign got a big boost today when 150 Lowell men from Camp Devens and many of their comrades arrived at the Middlesex Street station at 2 pm. Led by a band, they marched to the Textile school campus on Moody street for a gridiron contest between a team from Devens and the Textile school eleven. Tonight everyone will parade to the Westford street armory for a big rally to kickoff the Red Triangle campaign, which hopes to raise $200,000 in this city. Rev. Smith Baker died today at Portland. Rev Smith Baker was installed pastor of the First Congregational church on September 30, 1871 and was pastor emeritus at the time of his death. He was a familiar figure in Lowell and was revered by all who knew him for his devotion to religion, temperance and morality.