Lowell in World War One: Oct 1 – Oct 6, 1917

This is the 25th weekly installment of my Lowell in World War One series which commemorates the centennial of the entry of the United States into World War One. Here are the headlines from one hundred years ago this week:

October 1, 1917 – Monday – Germany shaken but still powerful. Liberty bond campaign opened here today.  Lowell is expected to raise $5,000,000 as her share of the campaign during the next month. All the Lowell banks have promised to receive contributions and forward them to the Federal Reserve bank at Boston. Coal supply for public buildings. The coal bins in the various municipal buildings are being filled up and by the end of the month, the winter’s supply for all municipal buildings, including city hall, the schools, and fire stations will be on hand.

October 2, 1917 – Tuesday – Whole German line in Flanders hanging in the balance. Launch attack after attack in desperate effort to halt British advance on Lille-Ostend Railway. Liberty Bond campaign now in full swing. IWW men at Army camps. Search for men named in indictments made at cantonments. Charge men registered for draft to create disloyalty in National Army. Big recruiting rally this evening.  The British recruiting mission will hold a rally at Merrimack and John streets tonight at 8 o’clock to induce Lowell men to enlist in the Canadian or British forces. Ames favors girls’ militia. Miss Emma Leclair, who seeks to form a women’s militia company in Lowell, had a productive meeting today with Major General Butler Ames, the commander of the State Guard. General Ames wrote to Mayor O’Donnell and urged him to have the city council make formal application to the state for the creation of such a company, and the State Guard will fully support it.

October 3, 1917 – Wednesday – British will bomb Germany, says Lloyd George. Reprisals for German raids on England soon to be launched. Lowell to the front in Liberty Bond sale. Lowell boy assigned to Gas Defense Service. Thomas Kelly, son of Mrs. Mary Kelly of 956 Bridge street, has been assigned to the gas defense service of the sanitary corps. Mr. Kelly is a graduate of the Lowell Textile school and held a responsible position on the laboratory staff of the Merrimack Manufacturing Co. Cotter brothers join National Army. Two well-known brothers, Frederick and Royal Cotter of 19 Oliver street, will leave Friday as members of the great National Army.

October 4, 1917 – Thursday – Germans Surrendering. British renew Flanders drive and penetrate German lines to a depth of one mile. Field Marshall Haig’s forces begin great drive east of Ypres. Cut German lines and overrun crest of Passchendaele Ridge. Lowell men going to Ayer tomorrow. The third installment of men for the great National Army will leave Lowell tomorrow for Camp Devens. They will march to City Hall to meet Mayor O’Donnell and then, led by the US Cartridge Co band, will march to the depot.

October 5, 1917 – Friday – British victory one of greatest of the war. Uncle Sam buys coal at mines for $4.45 a ton. Big send off for Lowell boys who go to join National Army at Ayer. A total of 142 men left town yesterday in as disagreeable weather conditions as could be imagined. Nevertheless, there was a hearty send-off by crowds at city hall and at the Middlesex Street station.  Juror died in Court House. Daniel Canty, aged 55, of Reading, a juror sitting on civil cases at Lowell Superior Court, was found dead in the toilet room off the jury room at the court house on Gorham street this morning. Death in all probability was due to heart failure.

October 6, 1917 – Saturday – World’s Series. Giants and White Sox meet in Chicago in First Game of baseball classic. Bank men hold liberty bond conference. US destroyer sinks U-boat. State conventions of two leading parties. Democrats open sessions in Boston; GOP convenes at Springfield. Football activities at Spalding Park. Ideal weather conditions greeted Lowell’s first football game of the 1917 season when Lowell high and St John’s Prep of Danvers lined up.

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